J.D.R. Hawkins

One bullet can make a man a hero… or a casualty.

Archive for the tag “guest post”

Guest Post by Kylo Walter

I frequently feature guest posts by various bloggers, just to give them an opportunity to get their articles published. Typically, I try to find articles that I think you would find interesting. This one is about car maintenance in winter. I hope you enjoy it.

Eight Easy Vehicle Maintenance Tips in Snow Fall

Now is an ideal time to pull your hands from over your eyes and grapple with the one thing we would prefer to concede: winter has arrived.

The consequence of winter is snowfall. If you have an ideal opportunity to get in a couple of repairs, the benefits will go far towards ensuring your investment until spring. If you cannot do them yourself, book an assistance arrangement closest to your area.

Right away, here are eight snowfall Car Maintenance Tips. They are quick, genuinely simple, and the best part is that they are economical.

1. Do not Make Compost in Your Car

As you tackle fall’s abundance on your yard, leave some energy for eliminating the leaves that discover their way into your vehicle. Leaves, twigs, and other natural issues can destroy with drains on your home—and the comparable on your car. When garbage develops in territories of your vehicle where water should run out, you can get holes or corrosion.

The air plenum close to the windshield is the right spot where this can occur. If you do have a sunroof, open it up and glance around in there, as well, from outside the vehicle. Sunroofs have channels to stream water that sneaks past the seals out for the count of the car. Plant gunk in there can plug those channels, making for wet headliners, wet rugs, or more awful.

2. Consider Getting Snow Tires

Snow tires are made of a softer elastic than all-season tires, allowing them to hold adaptability, even in the coldest of cold. Track designs on these tires likewise take into consideration remarkable grasp in the snow. However, snow tires are certifiably not an instant fix. They will not eliminate the chance of slipping and sliding in your vehicle; however, they do give more traction than standard tires.

“All-wheel drive is certainty motivating when you’re accelerating, yet it doesn’t help you when you’re slowing down and turning,” says Woody Rogers, overseer of item data for Tire Rack. “Winter tires are an absolute necessity in regions where the temperature routinely dips under 45 degrees,” Rogers adds. Snow tires give more traction when you are attempting to stop and turn on a cool asphalt.

3. Replace Your Wiper Blades

We need our blades to last more than they do. However, unavoidably, they wear out, break, and are delivered pointless. Heavy rain-snow is in transit, so check your edges to ensure they’re adaptable and still ready to clean your windshield. If they’re not, or blades, the off chance that they don’t, supplant your blades with new ones. Fortunately, blades are pretty economical, and you can get a good set for $30 or $40.  

4. Is Your Battery Fully Juiced?

Winter puts more weight on your battery, mostly if you leave your vehicle outside. Evade the sinking feeling of hearing nothing when you hit the start with a proactive check of your battery and charging framework now. As a rule, fix shops do not charge particularly to stack test your battery, and some vehicle parts stores will do it for nothing.

If you discover your battery’s going south, you can supplant it whenever it might suit you, rather than being helpless before whatever shop your dead vehicle’s been towed to. 

5. Don’t Roll Your Windows in Freezing Temperatures

Stand by until your vehicle has been warming for in any event 30 minutes before endeavoring to roll the windows, as doing so heretofore will cause water gathered in your window seals and the mechanical pieces of your entryway to freeze. If not permitted to defrost before working the windows, this can harm your vehicle, for example, defective windows or temperamental controls.

6. Check Your Fluid Levels

Working windshield wipers and a strong supply of wiper liquid will guarantee that you and your customers have visibility in the most exceedingly awful of snowstorms. Wiper liquid will get used rapidly if a vehicle is being driven during a snowstorm, for evident reasons.

Wiper sharp blades last a year. If you feel that it is the ideal opportunity for a substitution, it probably is the perfect opportunity for supplanting them. Contingent upon how terrible your winters are, you might need to prepare your vehicle(s) with winter-specific wipers. In conclusion, ensure the car(s) have wiper liquid with a low freezing point.

While we are regarding keeping liquids full, keeping the gas tank full is considerably more significant in the colder time of year. A full tank may forestall aggregated water in your fuel pump from freezing. It can likewise help you remain warm, as the driver can keep running the engine motor if they get stuck.

7. Add a Protective Layer

A polymer wax layer can make a boundary against street salt, grime, snow, and then some sleet. Couple with high-pressure vehicle washes after winter storms to flush away buildup in difficult to-arrive zones, such as wheels, underbody, and wheel wells.

8. Park in Shed

As the cold weather months approach, with them, comes the danger of extreme winter climate. While snow and icy streets can spell catastrophe for drivers, these cruel climate conditions can harm vehicles also.

If you will, in general, stop your vehicle on the street or uncovered in your garage, you likely are certifiably not a stranger to the dull daily schedule of scratching your car clean. This can be incredibly irritating when you are late, or you need to get someplace in a rush. Peephole driving or freeing just enough from your windshield to have the option to see a part of the street is something that numerous chilly climate drivers know about.

Putting resources into metal garages or carports can help protect your vehicles’ value and enhance their life span, setting aside your money.


Giving your special vehicle consideration in the colder time of year is essential. If you have not to get ready for your vehicle for winter yet, make sure to focus on it for your wellbeing and the security of those offering the ways to you. Readiness and upkeep will set aside your cash over the long haul. Since your vehicle is frequently the second most costly buy you make, winterizing your car is an investment.

Woodworking 101: How to Get Started

For the new year, I wanted to share an article about something near and dear to my heart. My dad loved woodworking. He was very talented, and created many beautiful pieces, including furniture, sculptures, carvings. etc. Here are a few pictures of some of his creations.

My main character, David Summers, who appears in all of the books in the Renegade Series, is modeled after my dad, in that he has a passion for woodworking.

This article is a guest post courtesy of Mr. Carlos Trejo. Thank yo so much, Mr. Trejo, for your contribution!

Did you know that wood was the first drawing material? In the form of charcoal, it was the first artistic medium. An example of cave art, using charred wood, at Rouffignac in France dates back 13,000 years!

Woodworking can be a wonderful hobby, but knowing how to cut wood, make doors and build stairs can also save you a ton of money. If you want to get started, however, you need to do it the right way. Woodworking is a skill like any other, and a learned one at that. 

In past generations, many people were lucky enough to have a parent, grandparent, or trusted uncle who knew their way around a woodworking shop. Some even remember taking shop in high school, learning to make practical things like toolboxes and the like. But not everyone was blessed with that kind of early exposure, but you can make up for the lost time and learn the skills you need to complete home projects like a pro. Here are some key things you need to know to get started with your new woodworking hobby. 

Woodworking Basics: What You Need to Know

Where to Start

If you are ready to get started with your new woodworking hobby, you probably have a lot of questions. So how can you get started safely, and what do you need to know as you set up your new woodworking room? 

Even before you start building anything, you will need some basic materials to get started on your woodworking adventure. Many people choose to set up their workshops in a garage or storage shed, and adapting those spaces to a new use will require some basic supplies. 

Lining the walls of a garage or storage shed with pegboard, for instance, will give you plenty of space to hang hand tools and power tools. You can even add a cord spool to keep all those extension cords neat and tidy.  

You will obviously need electric power for your new woodworking shop, so make sure there are enough outlets available. If you have any doubts, an electrical upgrade may be in order; the last thing you want is an overloaded circuit that could become a fire hazard

You will also need some basic knowledge, even if you plan to take a DIY approach to learn woodworking. If you have a trusted woodworker friend or neighbor, reach out to them for help. If not, check into woodworking classes at the local community college or extension center; these low-cost courses are a great way to learn the basics. And there is always the internet, especially the many detailed woodworking tutorials on YouTube and other video channels.

What Kinds of Tools Do You Need?

As you build out your new woodworking shop, you will need to outfit your new space with the right tools. Building a woodworking shop from the ground up can be an expensive endeavor. It is a good idea to begin with the must-have tools, those go-to items you will need again and again. Regardless of what you are building, here are some essential tools you will want in your woodworking shop from the start. 

  • Circular saw
  • Nail gun
  • Hammer
  • Cordless screwdriver
  • An assortment of nails, screws, and other fasteners
  • Chisels
  • Hand clamps
  • Power drills

Once you have the basics of your woodworking shop laid out, you will need a secure place to keep all those items. Hopefully, you have already lined the walls of your space with pegboard. So all you need are some hanging hooks to keep most of the items in place. You can also use tool storage drawers to hold all those tiny materials, as well as smaller hand tools. 

Now that you have the essential tools taken care of, it’s time to look at other tools that will allow you to expand the number of projects you take on. Some of these power tools can be pricy, but if they allow you to turn a contractor-led project into a DIY one they could pay for themselves in a matter of weeks. Here are some smart large form factor tools to consider for your new woodworking shop. 

  • Lathe
  • Jointer
  • Table saw

In addition to those larger tools, you might also want to add a jigsaw and a reciprocating saw to your woodworking repertoire. Both of these tools are highly versatile and can be used on dozens of home improvement projects. 

As you continue with your woodworking hobby, you will probably find other tools you would like to have. If you plan to do some outdoor home improvements, you will probably want cordless hand tools at your disposal. Including drills, screwdrivers, nail guns, and the like. You may want to choose a single brand and stick with it since the charging stations should be compatible with one another. And while you are at it, look for a dedicated space where you can set up a charging station for all those tools, so they will be ready whenever you need them. 

Woodworking Safety Tips

Woodworking can be a fulfilling hobby and a great way to save money on home improvement projects. For the cost of hiring a single contractor, you can build out an entire workshop and do the work yourself. 

Even so, it is important to put safety first whenever you are working with power tools, and protecting yourself should always be your most important consideration. Here are some essential safety tips you should never ignore:

  • Goggle up – eye protection is vital when working with power tools, so always wear a pair of quality goggles in your woodworking shop
  • Wear a mask – Cutting wood creates fine particles, and those particles can damage your lungs. Always wear a mask when you are sawing, screwing, or drilling wood.
  • Never disable safety devices – Table saws, circular saws, and other power tools come with guards and other safety devices built-in. Those guards are there for a reason, and you should never disable or tamper with them. 
  • Protect your ears – Power tools generate a lot of noise, so protect your ears with foam plugs or don specialized headphones to dampen the sound and prevent long-term hearing damage.
  • Check cords for damage before and after every use. It is easy to nick a cord while cutting wood, so examine extension cords for signs of damage before and after every project. 
  • Wear proper shoes or safety boots – Protecting your feet is essential, so leave the sandals and flip flops behind when you enter your woodworking shop. 
  • Read the manuals carefully before using any new piece of equipment. Make sure you know where the emergency stop button is located, and always read the safety precautions before getting started. 

Good Woodworking Projects for Beginners

Now that you have your woodworking shop set up and all your tools have been hung up, you are probably anxious to get started. But you will want to start slowly, with simple projects you can complete quickly. 

As you gain confidence and experience, you can ramp up the complexity of the home improvement projects you take on, but for now, here are some easy woodworking ideas to get you started. 

  • Build your child a wagon.  A wood wagon is relatively easy to build, and it requires only the most basic of tools. 
  • Give yourself a great place to sit. If you love those stylish Adirondack chairs but not the high price tag, you can build your own, all in your new woodworking shop. With basic supplies like a circular saw, a few pieces of wood, and a couple of dozen nails and fasteners, you can give yourself a comfortable place to sit when your project is done. 
  • A workbench. Having a workbench in your woodworking shop will come in handy, so why not build your own? Building a workbench is the perfect first woodworking project for beginners, you can get it done in a single afternoon.
  • Make a set of sawhorses. This is another woodworking project that will add to the usefulness of your new shop. Every carpenter needs a set of sturdy sawhorses, and the ones you make will be vastly better than any you can buy. 

Recycling/Reusing Past Materials

As you get started with your new woodworking hobby, you will probably find yourself taking on lots of home improvement projects. Once you have your woodworking shop set up, you will view your home through a different set of eyes. You will find all kinds of things that suddenly need an upgrade. 

Every one of those woodworking projects will generate some level of waste material. Recycling those materials is the environmentally responsible thing to do. There are many ways to make your projects as green as possible. 

If you have usable wood and other construction materials left over, you can donate them to a good cause. Habitat for Humanity runs a number of resale stores around the country, and that is a good place to start. You can also check with local charities to see what they need and where you can donate. 

You can also reuse smaller pieces of wood and leftover construction supplies for your future projects. Those small pieces of wood, for instance, can be glued together to create a wonderful little birdhouse. So you can share your newfound woodworking skills with your avian friends. 

No matter what your goal is, learning some basic woodworking skills is a smart thing to do. And now that you know how to get started, you can begin your new hobby with confidence. 

Originally Posted on Porch.com

Guest Post by Kevin Brown

I hope you enjoy this article about super bikes and how to protect them in winter weather, written by guest blogger Kevin Brown. Have a very happy New Year!

Six Latest Super Bikes and How You Can Protect yours in Winter

Bikes come in all shapes and sizes, running in style, design, engine capacity, weight, and capability. In this list, I have collected some of the world’s best superbikes and their shopper counterparts, making a note of the distinctive mechanical specs, alongside the bicycles’ historical backdrop, related models, and the organizations that made them. Every one of these bicycles dominates in some area. I have attempted to incorporate choices for each kind of rider: the easygoing cruiser, the rough terrain globe- adventurer, or the thrill-seeking road racer.

Superbikes are motorcycles with engine limits of 1000cc (or only close to it) and have also been alluded to as hyperbikes. These bikes have developed underway over the most recent 50 years, as the first “superbike” was the Honda CB750, delivered in 1969. From that point, bikes kept on getting faster and quicker. After the arrival of the Suzuki Hayabusa in 1999, a man of his word’s arrangement was reached between the universe’s greatest bike makers to restrict the maximum velocity of creation bikes to 186 MPH. This understanding kept going a short time, yet soon enough, makers proceeded with the opposition to make quicker and faster bikes, bringing about the horde of 200+ MPH cruisers we have today, a significant number of which I’ve remembered for this list.   

Along these lines, to avoid the poor choices and raise the right ones, here are ten of the most solid superbikes you can purchase (and six that ought to be evaded all together).

1. Honda CBR600F4i

Why not begin things off with a bang? Furthermore, not one from the engine. An incredible inverse, as our first bike, the ’06 Honda CBR600F4i, is seen by millions to be among the most dependable superbikes ever created. Even though it might have all the earmarks of being less aggressive than the standard 600RR, the F4i is similarly quick and with expanded form quality for sure!

2. BMW K 1300 S

This model was presented in 2008 by BMW. Over ten years after the fact, the bike stays most loved among petrolheads. K 1300 S is the quickest bike BMW Motorrad has ever delivered. There have been various varieties and various facelifts throughout the long term, yet at the center remains BMW Motorrad’s four- cylinder power unit. The soft murmur of a water-cooled 4-cycle motor is music to the rider’s ears. This great engine joined with the steady work 6-speed gearbox, makes these wheels turn genuine quick. 

3. Yamaha Bolt and Bolt R Spec

“Yamaha’s spending budget-friendly, choke cheerful Bolt, and Bolt R-Spec bikes are returning for the 2020 model year. Yamaha refers to the Bolt as its “metropolitan execution bobber.” Yet, the Bolt has discovered it is calling the whole way across the riding range with its minimal, strong skeleton, execution suspension, and torquey V-twin force.”

4. Kawasaki Ninja H2

Outfitted with a 998cc engine, the Ninja H2 is a powerhouse and is, in a real sense, the quickest creation bike available. Yielding around 310 horsepower, the Ninja H2 has a maximum velocity of 249 MPH and is confined to follow driving because of its power. The bike weighs just shy of 500 pounds, making a capacity to weight proportion that leaves most different cycles in the dust. This is the thing that you’d anticipate from Kawasaki, one of the most respectable bike makers on the globe. Costs for the H2 start around $28,000, a reasonable price for such a ground-breaking superbike. 

5. MV Agusta F4 RR

MV Agusta supports Lewis Hamilton due to their relationship with Mercedes. However, there’s a critical contrast between Hamilton and the average man – he can manage the upkeep cost’s cost; the more significant part of us can’t. In any case, the considerable expenses do not make it any less of a beautiful bike, only an impractical one.

6. Ducati Panigale V4 S

Last, however not least, is the thing that most lovers expected – a Ducati. Even more explicitly, yet, the fresh out of the box new 2020 Ducati Panigale V4 S. This Ducati truly is the “Ferrari of cruisers,” particularly when you consider its origins, shading, speed, and smooth figure. All that, in any case, comes at the exorbitant cost of constant repairs and over-priced parts.

Here are five things on how to prepare for bikes for winter riding.

i) Battery

Batteries struggle during the cool for a very long time as the low temperature hinders the compound response. In this way, more current is expected to stay aware of the demand.

ii) Coverup

There is no compelling reason to sprinkle out on extravagant bike covers. Just check out old covers, blinds, metal garages, or floor coverings from the extra room (check you have consent from a grown-up first!) or a cause shop to keep your bike hot over winter. Watch out for buttons or any scratchy things on the spreads; these can harm paintwork when you pull them on and off.

iii) Change the Oil

Regardless of whether the oil is not expected for a change, side-effects of burning produce acids in the oil, which will hurt the internal metal surfaces. Warm the engine to its ordinary working temperature, as warm oil depletes a lot quicker and more totally.

iv) Clean Your Motorcycle

Before you mothball the bike, please give it a legitimate shower to wash off the grime and dead bugs, and other stuff that can consume the paint and metal. At that point, wax the painted parts, apply a silicone protectant to plastic boards, and wipe down chrome-plated, cleaned, or anodized metal segments with a cloth that has been soaked with an airborne oil. The wax and silicone will keep those painted and plastic parts perfect and ensured, and the light oil in the ointment will help keep metal from rusting. Talking about rust, ensure you wholly perfect and afterward lube your chain.

v) Winterizing Your Engine

Next, we should go to the engine. Radicals demand you need new oil in the fall before storage and new oil come spring. That is pointless excess and waste. You don’t need messy oil sitting in the engine deteriorating throughout the winter, so in case you’re more than most of the way to your next planned oil change, feel free to do it now. That way, the motor internals are washed in new motor oil, and you’ll be prepared to ride in the spring. If the oil is new, ensure it’s topped up.  

Guest Post by Diane Carter

I frequently feature guest posts by writers who are interested in getting their work published. Many of the topics I chose are of interest to me, like the following article. I’m a serious plant person and love to garden. Although the season is passed for some of us, here are some great ideas for next spring and summer. Thanks to Diane Carter for his contribution.

Best Ideas to give your garden an interesting and attractive look

Decorating a garden does not always require lots of effort and money. There are a ton of decorative thoughts that you could copy to make your garden looks amazing. Start by contemplating what you need from your garden and how you can design it to fit those components in. There are some astounding garden design applications out there that can assist you with the fundamental structure. Odds are you’d like a charming spot to sit on bright days, so cut out some space and examine for some jazzy garden furniture. 

Decorating your garden is an ideal opportunity to consider planting. Maybe you simply have space for some plant pots for pretty occasional plants and herbs around your table and seats. You may have space for a sentimental fringe that will make your city garden look more like a nation garden. Or on the other hand, it is possible that you need to figure out how to develop vegetables, in which case see our garden supervisor’s advisers for making a kitchen garden and making a fertilizer pile.

Create a Mini Flower Garden

People will in general pay attention to their gardens lovely. Be that as it may, a little outdoor eccentricity can accomplish more to improve your mind-set than a dull garden with no character. This smaller than usual bloom garden is a good time for the youngster in us all of us is a stunningly better task to handle with your children. When you make your smaller than normal pots, join them into a pixie garden in your blossom beds.

Make use of lighting 

Just like the radiance of happy lights at Christmas time, garden lighting can absolutely change your space. From ground-level up-lighters to divider mounted section lights, outdoor lighting takes numerous structures. A simple method to add somewhat sorcery is with a line of sun based controlled bulbs swung from trees or on a fence. As they won’t require an electric attachment they’re extraordinary for life in the garden.

Paint a wall or fence 

The changing forces of paint stretch out to the garden as much as your room. Outdoor dividers are regularly left unpainted yet can glance stunning in a new and fun tone. Wall will likewise profit by a layer of paint, regardless of whether you need to invigorate your present tone or take a stab at something absolutely new. White, duck-egg blue, and exemplary green are ideal. If you’ve been longing for the ideal picket fence, this is the ideal opportunity to accomplish the look.

Shade Structures 

The most ideal approach to guarantee you have a garden that glances extraordinary in winter is to give structure and shape to space. Think about your colder time of year plants as the skeleton, or bones, of your garden. You have to settle on these plants solitary at that point consider what you can plant between them for the remainder of the year. Whenever you have planted your auxiliary plants, you would then be able to plant bulbs, perennials, or annuals in among them. The structure will give you interest over the cold weather months and will hold everything together for the remainder of the year. 

You may as of now have a garden that you appreciate in summer, however, looks dreary and disliked in winter. Try not to stress, you can undoubtedly add a couple of plants that will give your garden that required lift. Coming up next is a rundown of plants that I love for their colder time of year interest yet in addition since they give structure whenever of year.

Crate shelves

Reusing wooden items is exceptionally simple and gainful. For instance, this thought comprises of reusing wooden cases by changing them into wonderful shelves with a vintage look. It is simple, financially savvy and the majority of all, it is pragmatic. It will permit you to store your devices and develop more plants.

Use Containers 

Pots are extraordinary for small trees or flowering sheet material plants, and you can transform them and move them around without any problem. This is particularly effective in a small space, as you can patch up your garden design suddenly. 

Pots and containers keep everything adaptable and make your small garden simpler to maintain. You can likewise develop products of the soil in containers to make to the majority of your small garden. 

Tomatoes, beans, lettuce, peppers, chilies, radishes and even carrots would all be able to be filled in pots or containers and will add healthy and heavenly produce to your eating regimen.

Pallet garden table

Adding a garden table to your outdoor space is both functional and decorative. To start with, it will give additional room to store your gardening apparatuses. Second, it is an alluring and amazing expansion. Making garden tables from beds is a simple undertaking. 

Add Furniture 

Furniture in a small garden can be utilized to incredible impact, yet to an extreme or some unacceptable sort can jumble and could occupy an important room that you can sick stand to lose. Rather than huge seats or cumbersome seating, go for reduced alternatives like a bistro table set and seats. 

This kind of garden furniture gives a splendidly in vogue European tasteful to any small garden, with the special reward that they don’t occupy a lot of space. It’s ideal for a morning meal of croissants, espresso, and squeezed orange, while you lounge toward the beginning of the day sun. 

Cover It Up

If there’s a slight shower, you don’t need your arrangements to be hosed. A cool gazebo will mean your outdoor lunch can in any case proceed and it will offer a lot of degree for enlivening, as well. Have a go at hanging a shower-evidence texture for some additional assurance from the components and string up some kaleidoscopic lamps for a shimmering impact.

Water fountain

Water fountains are excellent and alluring as well as unwinding. The sound of the falling water is incredibly quiet and pleasant. It goodly affects our minds. Albeit most water fountains are costly, this one isn’t. This DIY water wellspring is truly moderate and simple to make. You will discover the directions for making it at the Instructables.

Author Bio: 

Diane Carter

Diane writes for topics like Home Improvement, Garden, or travel-related topics additionally; he has a passion for the home outdoor industry for more than ten years, Diane has become an experienced specialist in this industry. His goal is to help people with his vast knowledge to assist them with his best suggestions about different Playground Equipment as fitness equipment, sports equipment, Splash Pads,  and Shadesstructures.

Guest Post by Amy Lara

Anyone who knows me also knows that I’m a huge plant person. In fact, today I set out several plants for free to give away to my neighbors. What you probably don’t know about me is that I have worked in several florist shops and garden centers. I love plants, and probably have near forty now (downsized from 120, because I bring them in during the winter, and here in Colorado, that is from mid-October to mid-May, with stormy, hailstorm-ridden days mixed in, so my tiny house can’t accommodate). Anyway, I hope you enjoy this guest post.

10 Types of Flowers That You Love to Grow In Your Home Yard

Flowers give us joy, they have a wonderful aroma, and come in a wide variety of shapes, sizes, colors, and fregrances. Everyone can choose the varieties of plants that suit thier personality and decorate their home. Whether you want them in indoors or in the garden, flowers add a lot of colors and rich beauty, and can also make the simplest space warm and inviting.

Bigger is generally better, particularly with regards to Flowers. Get your hands on varieties of plants you definitely know and love with these 10 plants reproduced to deliver enormous and productive flowers. Put a couple of these supersized flowers in your yard and give your neighbors something to discuss.


Asters produce lovely daisy-like flowers in a scope of hues and, contingent upon the species, are ice lenient. So as to maintain a strategic distance from sicknesses, don’t plant yearly asters in a similar spot a seemingly endless amount of time after year. Ideally, plant in either full sun or in the complete shade in wet very much depleted soil.

Incredible Hydrangea

Durable stems bolster enormous summer-sprouting white flowers. The almost 12-inch blossoms start green, develop to white and afterward blur back to green later in the season. To energize new development and blooming, prune this bush in pre-spring. Why we love it: Unlike other huge hydrangeas, Incrediball won’t flop finished, considerably after a solid downpour.

Red Leaf Begonia

While most begonias flourish in conceal, the red leaf assortment can endure daylight, as well. Its waxy beet-shaded leaves and pink-or white-toned buds appear throughout the entire summer in both sticky or dry conditions, making it the most obliging alternative for the normal yard. Simply putting down roots for your nursery? Plant these begonias in a bed or box on the north or east side of your home underneath a huge tree or secured porch, since this area will make an upbeat trade-off of sifted daylight. Feed red-leaf begonia each other week for relentless blossoms in the late spring.

Bigleaf Magnolia

In spite of the fact that this magnolia is viewed as a medium-size tree at 20 to 40 feet, it has the biggest leaves and flowers of any North American deciduous species. The surrenders develop over to 3 feet in length and are green on top however have fluffy silver-dim undersides. Due to the leaves’ size, solid breezes may harm them, so plant the tree in a shielded area in sun or fractional shade. Why we love it: Take a sniff! Fragrant white flowers are 8-to 12-creeps across and fly in summer. A very close look uncovers wonderful purple communities.


Evergreens give truly necessary shading vulnerable climate months, regardless of where you live. With a large number of varieties, you’ll see one to adore! Peruse the plant tag or depiction to figure out how enormous they’ll stall out with one that is swarming the house or different plantings in a couple of years. In case you’re lacking in space, search for overshadow varieties that won’t get in excess of a couple of feet tall and wide.


The nice marigold, which sprouts is striking oranges and yellows, is a brilliant expansion to any garden. Maybe the best part about the marigold is its lighthearted nature. The flowers flourish under the sun, however, they likewise wouldn’t fret a touch of mid-evening conceal. Marigold additionally isn’t finicky about soil types. Additionally, the flowers are advantageous to your nursery: marigolds discharge thiophenes into the dirt from their root frameworks, executing nematodes that cause root-tie.

Climbing Vine

Vines that climb over a fence, lattice, or arbor include a layer of appeal and enthusiasm to any garden. Blossoming vines likewise draw in entirely, little pollinators, for example, hummingbirds and butterflies. Think about a cardinal climber, clematis, passionflower, honeysuckle, and bogus hydrangea. Add some storage buildings or Metal Buildings sheds to get some space for stuff and sheds for shed plants. 

Double White Angel’s Trumpet

Get a seat and settle in close to this current blessed messenger’s trumpet each night. The sweet aroma from only one plant is sufficient to scent the entire backyard. Pick a radiant spot for the bush, and plant it in very much depleted soil. Be careful: All pieces of the blessed messenger’s trumpet are destructive to people and pets. Why we love it: By late-summer, upwards of 100 unsettled twofold blossoms hang from stems secured with tobacco-like foliage. Additionally, the 10-inch flowers are deer-safe.


You may know Echinacea as an invulnerable framework boosting natural enhancement, however for veteran cultivators, it’s an intense yet exquisite perpetual that requests little in return for its eye-getting, daisy-like sprouts. Local to the grasslands and open woods of the Midwest, Echinacea stands up well not exclusively to cool fronts and ruinous nursery creepy crawlies yet additionally to times of expanded dry spell. This means, If you neglect to water for half a month during a dry summer, the cone-molded, pink-petaled blossoms keep on looking as show-halting as could be. Truth be told, however Echinacea blossoms for a great part of the year—from late-spring to the main ice of winter—it stays a wonderful outskirt plant even once its flowers fall. 


How to Grow Lavender

Adored for its energetic purple flowers and crisp, quieting aroma, lavender courtesies hot, dry conditions likened to those of its local district, the Mediterranean. That being the situation, for stateside plant specialists, there are two straightforward keys to progress. One, make certain to plant the lasting in a recognize that gets at any rate six hours of direct sun every day. Two, don’t overwater. Give lavender a long, careful drench, yet just when the dirt feels practically dry to the touch (when a week or two times per month, climate depending). Specialists likewise suggest pruning in the spring, not long after the principal flowers, so as to support new development and help the plant keep its brand name shape.

Author Bio: 

Kevin Brown 

Kevin writes for topics like Home Improvement, Kitchen decor, Garden, or travel-related topics additionally; he has a passion for the metal building industry for more than ten years, Kevin has become an experienced building specialist in this industry. His goal is to help people with her vast knowledge to assist them with her best suggestions about different DIY buildings such as garages, Metal Carports, utility buildings, and commercial structures.

Guest Post by Dil Gurung

Besides home improvement guest posts, which I have been featuring lately, I also love travel blogs. This is an interesting article about traveling to Nepal. How fascinating! I would love to have the opportunity to visit someday. I hope you enjoy this article.

Top 5 things to do in Nepal 

Nepal is a beautiful land of the Himalayas, friendly and charming people, where divine beings are blended with corporeal and brilliant monasteries, temples, and ancient historical monuments that can be found everywhere in the country. This is the home of Everest ( Sagarmatha), the iconic mountains like Mount Everest and many other snow-capped peaks shining up the place like heaven.

Nepal is merely an amazing country for its rich natural beauty, historic magnetism, and immeasurable cultural heritage sites that have proven to be one of the perfect destinations to visit. However, Nepal is not only famous for its Himalayas but also famous and rich in the diverse rises from subtropical land to the high terrain mountains, lush forest, cultural and ancient religions, and fascinating cities including the world’s tallest mountain! There are hundreds of things to do in Nepal together with exciting trekking, mountaineering, jungle safari, and many others. No wonder every year Nepal attracts thousands of travelers to visit Nepal in different ways from all across the world. In recent years, Nepal has managed to conceive itself into a popular travel destination in the world due to the beauty of culture and nature deviations. Nepal has never failed to distribute the unique and cherished experiences with an incomparable topography and adventure to travelers since the beginning of permitting to visit the country.  

Nepal is full of fun activities and one can enjoy these activities all while being under these magical natural bare bones of the Himalayas. If you are also planning to visit Nepal then keep on reading this blog here we have summarized the top 5 things to do in Nepal while you are in the country. In fact, these 5 things to do in Nepal is sure to shine your holidays and create a memorable trip of a lifetime with the Himalayas, rich nature, culture, biodiversity, Himalayas, culture, creed, and landscapes, there is no doubt to visit Nepal, it is a perfect place to achieve your travel goal for any time! 

#1. Go on Trekking in Nepal

Trekking in Nepal is one of the most famous activities that have become the foremost attraction to the entire travelers around the globe. Nepal is called by a paradise of trekkers there is no wonder that Nepal is indeed a Himalayan haven whereas thousands of travelers desire to visit Nepal in a proposal of trekking primarily.  However, Nepal is home to Mount Everest (8848m)- the highest mountain in the world. Likewise, out of fourteen eight thousand meters above peaks eight of them including Mount Everest, Annapurna, Kanchenjunga, Lhotse, Cho Oyu, Manaslu, Makalu, Dhaulagiri, and Manaslu.  Nepal is probably one of the world’s most popular trekking destinations where thousands of trekkers visit the country to go on trekking in the Himalayas like Everest, Annapurna, Langtang, Manaslu, and many other regions of Nepal. Trekking in Nepal might not be for everyone in terms of difficulty and high altitude but imagine Nepal has so many easy and lower altitude trekking routes in the Himalayas that doest really need to pay attention in terms of physical and mentality. Likewise, Nepal has many trekking routes from normal to challenging but one can easily do the trek in Nepal without having any previous trekking experienced. However, trekking in Nepal has become an ultimate goal for all the adventure lovers to experience a thrilling adventure trekking experience in the Himalayas at least once in a lifetime.  If you ask anyone who has been to Nepal, they will always scream and have praised about its natural and cultural aspects that all you have here in the mountains. Similarly, travelers have an opportunity to explore the delights of cultural diversity along with nature while being in Nepal.

Likewise, any trekking in Nepal Himalayas offers you the diverse scenarios of Nepal and lets you explore and immerse yourself in a unique local culture and traditions, lifestyle, medieval monasteries, temples, architecture, and a wide range of flora and fauna. Hence, trekking in Nepal remains one of the favorite and must-do things in Nepal for the tourists. If you are first time in Nepal and looking for the best trekking destinations then see the below lists of trekking trips, 

Everest Base Camp Trek

Annapurna Base Camp Trek

Langtang Valley Trek

Manaslu Circuit Trek, etc.


One of the top things to do in Nepal is a Cultural tour; Nepal is home to diverse ethnic and communities as it is steeped in history and culture and is proud of its rich inheritance. The majority of people in Nepal have faith in religions of Hinduism and Buddhism co-exists and flourish, providing a wealth of ornate temples, stupas, and other religious monuments and symbols.  Since Nepal has different ethnicities the people individually have their own cultures, traditions, practices, values, and costumes. The way people celebrate festivals is different. Similarly, the dialogues also belong to their own and totally different from one to another but there is no treatment as differently, everyone respects each other’s way of living. Thus, getting to know these overwhelming cultural backgrounds of locals by traveling to these ancients’ cultural heritages sites tour is something different and memorable for long-lasting. You get your time to connect with the locals spiritually and emotionally to explore more in-depth!  Normally, cultural tours in Nepal belong to Nepal’s major cities of Kathmandu, Bhaktpur, Lalitpur, Pokhara, Janakpur, Lumbini, and Bandipur where travelers can have full of cultural thrilling by visiting these amazing sites around as it represents the historical facts of Nepal that you get really connected with this legacy story of the history. 


If you are nature enthusiasts and an adore exploring the wilderness and natural plant life of different backdrops then Nepal is a perfect place for you. The country has not only been trending for adventure trekking and tours but it is also pointed as one of the hottest and richest countries for natural resources like a wilderness. Even though being a small Himalayan land, Nepal shelters a wide range of flora and fauna. Besides adventure trekking in the Himalayas, a jungle safari tour in Nepal is amazing to experience that one can explore these glories without any age restrictions in the short time of holidays. However, Nepal has a few most popular national parks in South Asia like Chitwan National Park, Bardia national park, etc where you can do an exciting jungle safari trip, enjoying some of the world’s wild such as rhinos, tigers, elephants, deer, bear, comb, nature bird species and many others.

It’s a time to be a refreshment in nature from the hectic schedules of working. Enjoy the holidays through the best jungle safari in Nepal. This trip will certainly be one of the most memorable trips for sure that you all need to try at least once in a while.  


Nepal is the nation where you can have the benefit of adventure activities such as paragliding, rock climbing, Ultra light flight, bungee jumping, skydiving, zip line, etc. These are the most common and inspiring adventure activities that can be prized for all adventure enthusiasts. Nevertheless, you can do many of these activities in the cities like Kathmandu and Pokhara, the prices for these exciting activities are affordable and it can be done seasonally. It is a perfect option for adventure trekking in the mountains, if you like to go on a trek but have a short time then try the scenic mountain flights or one of these adventure activities that will fulfill your desires to see the Himalayas. Don’t let it go try it today and enjoy the meaning of life, do not miss this glorious experience; make sure to book your seat today for an adventurous and thrilling experience of a lifetime!


As we all know that Nepal is best known as the home of to the world’s highest mountain thus trekking in Nepal has always been the foremost things to do into the spectacular region of the Himalayas of Nepal but having said that trekking might not be a good fit for everyone, for those who loves river runners into the rapidly blow rives then Nepal is the right destination for you. However, Nepal is also home to some of the electrifying white river rafting places in the world as a country itself known as the second water resources country in the world after Brazil. Nepal is also a paradise of rafting exploits.  Moreover, Nepal is exceptionally much-admired for the high volume of white River, which is relatively the best option for river sprinters. That is the reason why a lot of rafters visit Nepal for this excursion and take a challenge itself. If you are unknown about the Rivers for rafting then here is the list namely, Trishuli River, Marsyangdi River, Bhote Koshi River, Seti River, Kali Gandaki River,  Sun Koshi River,  Karnali River, etc. these are the most popular rivers for the rafting spots in Nepal. Most of these Rivers flow from the high mountain region of Nepal and Tibet. 

If you are considering for River rafting in Nepal then make sure to choose the best time for this journey. The best months to go on river rafting in Nepal are September to  December, and then secondly from February to May. Basically, this time of the year is perfect for the rafting with the moderate volumes of river flows. 


Guest Post by Allin All

I frequently post articles written by other authors, and here is another example. Although it is off topic from what I usually post, I have a sincere interest in real estate and remodeling, since I have a fixer upper. I hope you enjoy this article!

  1. Why Choose Dark Wood Flooring?

You want your home décor to be timeless. Isn’t it? Elegant flooring enhances the aesthetics of your home. It’s also important that you avoid home decorating cliches. So, when choosing floors for various rooms of your house, you need to make sure that they complement your space. Also, the wooden stair nosing should perfectly match the flooring.

When creating a luxurious space, high-end choices are important. Wooden floors add a rich look to your home. Dark flooring helps to add dramatic effect and if you use matching wooden door bar, it will look amazing. The darker floor looks modern and edgy.

Why Choose Dark Wood Flooring

There are many benefits of using dark wood floors. Here we have outlined why darker wood floors are better over lighter ones. Keep reading.

Complement Your Decor

Dark wood floors along with self adhesive door bars, can complement any type of interior design. They can enhance the style of your home décor. The dark shade goes well with the interiors of any of your rooms due to its versatility. They can effortlessly make a style statement.

Don’t Fade Easily

Dark shade floors don’t fade easily when exposed to sunlight. They are super easy to maintain than the lighter shade floors. They last longer without getting pale and look fresh without doing much efforts.

If you are looking for premium quality floor accessories within your budget, All in All is your one-stop-shop.

Ideal for Large Spaces

Yes, dark floors are perfect for large rooms. They lend a personality to space and make the room look compact and proportional. This type of floors absorb more light and hence have the ability to look enclosed.

Easy to Maintain

Dark flooring is hassle-free to maintain as they can hide marks and scratches. You don’t need to clean your room every day if you have less time as the dust and grime will not be visible.

Add Drama

When you use dark floors, wood grains show off, lending an aesthetic appeal. The natural effect of the wood is more visible in darker shades than the lighter ones. The dramatic effect looks stunning and makes your space welcoming.

Contrasting walls and furnishings improve the aesthetics much more than the light coloured flooring. It looks refreshing and helps in creating a transition.

So, now you know why dark floors are better than the lighter ones. All in All is your go-to store to find matching floor accessories for your space at competitive prices.

Guest Post by Lewis Regenstein

As you know, I frequently feature other authors on my blog; Mr. Regenstein sets the record straight on how important ancestry is. With all the attacks on Confederate heritage these days, I wanted to share his perspective. I hope you enjoy this article.


The Last Order of the Lost Cause

Speech By Lewis Regenstein

To Washington, GA Civil War Roundtable        

26 February, 2007

I am deeply honored  to be here today  in this wonderful town of Washington, and I thank you for the chance to speak before such a distinguished group of people. Claibourne has warned me that some of you all are extremely knowledgeable about the War Between the States, and to be careful not to make any mistakes because I will surely get caught and be called on it.  So please go easy on me. 

Before I begin I’d like to emphasize that while I am very proud of my ancestors, I‘m not bragging about anything.  I can  claim no personal distinction for their heroism, which reflects what was common among the hopelessly outnumbered, outsupplied but not outfought Confederate troops, something in which we all take much pride. 

Our ancestors often ran low on food, ammunition, and other supplies, but never on courage.

 I write and talk about all this because I am proud of our heritage and committed to helping keep its memory alive and honored, amidst the ongoing campaign to rewrite history and discredit the valor and honor of the Confederate soldiers and their Cause. I know that no one here today needs educating on this issue.

Here in Washington, some very historic events have taken place, one of them involving one of my ancestors, and I’d like to talk a little about that today. 

 I am very proud that my great grandfather, Andrew Jackson Moses, Jr, of Sumter, S.C., and his four brothers fought for the Confederacy, and Major Raphael Jacob Moses was their uncle, [having married Eliza Moses, the sister of the Moses brothers’ father, Andrew Jackson Moses, Sr.] 

We know first hand, from their letters, diaries, and memoirs, that they and their compatriots were not fighting for slavery, as is so often alleged. They were trying to defend themselves and their comrades, their families,  homes, and country from an often cruel invading army that was trying to kill them, burn their homes and cities, and destroy everything they had. 

Raphael Moses was a fifth generation South Carolinian who in 1849 moved to Columbus, Georgia, where he was a lawyer, planter, and owner of a plantation he named “Esquiline.” Moses’ English ancestors came to America during colonial days, one of them being  his great, great grandfather  Dr. Samuel Nunez, fleeing the Inquisition.  He is credited with saving the newly-established, mosquito-infested colony of Savannah, Georgia from being wiped out in 1733 by a “fever,” then  thought to be yellow fever but which was probably malaria.

Before the War, Moses pioneered the commercial growing of peaches and plums in Georgia, so it could thus be said that he is a major reason Georgia is called The Peach State. Moses is reputed to have been the first planter to ship and sell peaches outside of the South, in 1851, before there was any through connection by railroad. James C. Bonner’s “A History of Georgia Agriculture, 1732-1860,” credits Moses with being the first to succeed in preserving the flavor of shipped peaches, by packing them in a champagne baskets instead of pulverized charcoal.

Moses knew well and wrote in his memoirs about General Robert E. Lee (whom  he was with at Gettysburg) and other major Confederate figures Lee’s Lieutenants. The renowned Douglas Southall Freeman, in his authoritative work called Moses “…the best commissary officer of like rank in the Confederate service.”

As General James Longstreet’s chief commissary officer, Moses participated in many of the major battles in the East, and was responsible for supplying and feeding up to 54,000 troops, porters, and other non-combatants. General Lee had forbidden him from entering private homes in search of supplies in raids into Union territory (such as the incursions into Pennsylvania), even when food and other provisions were in  painfully short supply.  

Moses always paid for what he took from farms and businesses, albeit in Confederate tender.

Often while seizing supplies, Moses encountered considerable hostility and abuse from the local women, which he always endured in good humor, and it became a source of much teasing from his fellow officers. 

Moses always acted honorably, compassionately, and as a gentleman. Once, when a distraught woman approached Moses and pleaded for the return of her pet heifer that had been caught up in a cattle  seizure, he graciously acceded.

The contrast is striking between the humane Confederate policies and those of the North.  Union generals Grant, Sherman, and Sheridan regularly burned and looted homes, farms, courthouses, churches, libraries, and entire cities full of civilians, such as Atlanta and Columbia, South Carolina, and most everything of value in between, later engaging in the mass  slaughtering of Native Americans in the West, largely old men, women, and children in their villages, in what we euphemistically call “The Indian Wars.”

Moses’ memoirs contain some very interesting observations on the Battle of Gettysburg. “…We lost the battle,” laments Moses, “and then came the retreat; the rain poured down in floods that night ! I laid down in a fence corner and near by on the bare earth in an India rubber [tarp] lay General Lee biding the pelting storm.”

In his memoirs, Moses reveals that “General Longstreet did not wish to fight the Battle of Gettysburg. He wanted to go around the hill, but Lee objected on account of our long wagon and artillery trains.” Longstreet, as historian Ed Bearss notes, “knew what muskets in the hands of determined troops could do,” and  felt that the Union forces, holding the high ground, would have the same advantage over his forces that the Confederates had over the Federals at Fredericksburg. If his  advice had been taken, it could have changed the course of the War. 

But Lee rejected Longstreet’s recommendation to swing his troops around the heights, and instead ordered the attack on the center of the Union forces at Cemetery Hill, saying  of the Yankees, “I will whip them here, or they will whip me.” Honorable as always, after the battle Lee took responsibility for the disaster, saying “All this has been my fault.” Longstreet, feeling that the ground fought over had no military value, called that day “the saddest of my life.” Shelby Foote calls Lee’s decision “The mistake of all mistakes.”

Interestingly, the entire battle might have been avoided and the course of the war changed if Longstreet’s forces had not been forced to wait for their reinforcements to arrive. Moses  says that if the Confederates had not been delayed near Cash Town  for over a day waiting for General Richard Stoddert Ewell’s wagon train of supplies, “…I do know that we could have marched easily from Chambersburg to Gettysburg, in a day, and been there before the Union troops.” 

Moses’ three sons also fought for the South, and one was killed at Seven Pines in May, 1862 after performing acts of amazing valor – Lt. Albert Moses Luria, the first Jewish Confederate to fall in battle. 

He was killed at age nineteen after courageously  throwing a live Union artillery shell out of his fortification before it exploded, thereby saving the lives of many of his compatriots.

(The last Confederate Jew to be killed was Major Moses’ nephew, Joshua Lazarus Moses, of Sumter, South Carolina, the brother of my great grandfather. Josh was killed in the battle of Fort Blakeley, Alabama, a few hours after Lee surrendered, commanding the guns  firing the last shots in defense of Mobile. In this battle, Josh’s brothers Perry and Horace were respectively wounded and captured.


Prior to Virginia’s  Battle of the Wilderness in May, 1864, Moses was having more and more difficulty obtaining supplies, since farmers were refusing to sell their crops because of increasing speculation over prices. Moses decided to travel to Georgia, his major source of supplies, to talk to the farmers:  [“It occurred to me, that if I could go to  Georgia and speak to the people who had sons, brothers, relatives and friends suffering for food, that I could get supplies.” Moses asked General Lee for a furlough to go there and loosen up the pipeline, and Lee replied,  “Major, I would approve it but really we can’t spare you, you know.” But when Moses explained his plans, Lee responded, “Well, Major, if you think you can do anything for my poor boys, go and may God crown you effort with success.”]

When he arrived in Georgia in mid-1864,  Moses found few willing and able to help out.[ In his memoirs, he recalled a meeting where he spoke at Temperance Hall in Columbus:

There were about thirty persons present…When I last spoke at this hall, it was to urge the people of Columbus to send their sons and brothers to confront the hazards of war to redress their country’s wrongs. The house was full from pit to gallery with patriotic citizens ready for the sacrifices asked. Now I come from those near and dear to the people here to appeal to them for bread, for the starving Army, and I am confronted by empty benches…

Travelling next to southwest Georgia, Moses was “met there with a very different spirit and had a very successful trip.”] But while there, the Confederate Commissary for the state died, and Moses was appointed  to fill the post. 

Still, the pressures on Moses to obtain and distribute supplies of food remained relentless, and towards the end of the War, the situation had become  desperate. 


Moses’ account of those final, chaotic days after Lee’s surrender is filled with stories of heroism and heartbreak, humor and tragedy. (There are many conflicting accounts of this era; what follows is from Moses’ recollections.)

With the defeat of the Confederate forces, the capital of Richmond was abandoned in April, 1865, and the senior government officials and their staff  headed south, avoiding Union forces, and ending up in Georgia. 

Moses tells of  Mrs. Jefferson Davis awaiting her husband in Washington, Georgia, where he arrived accompanied by his cabinet and “a train containing gold and silver bullion.” 

Moses writes, 

shortly before [General  Joseph E.] Johnston’s surrender, I was ordered to Washington, Wilkes County. Soon after, Davis and his cabinet arrived there. Mrs. Davis met her husband in Washington.  A train containing gold and silver bullion accompanied the cabinet. It was brought from Richmond banks. I was staying with General Toombs… I remember seeing General [ Braxton] Bragg waiting under an oak tree to get his $20.00.

I received an order from General  Johnston to provide 250,000 rations at Augusta for the returning soldiers…and there arrange as best I could with general Mollyneux [Molineux] who then occupied Augusta with Federal troops, to protect me in furnishing the troops as they passed through Augusta and to provide for the sick and wounded in hospitals.

One of Moses’ stories describes the close escape from arrest by the Yankees of his close friend, and resident of this area,  General Robert A. Toombs, a leading Georgia planter who served as the South’s first Secretary of State.

Moses was in Washington with his son Israel Moses Nunez, called “Major,” when, he writes,  “…a cavalry man rode up coming from [War Secretary] Breckenbrige [sic] and threw over the fence a sack containing $5,000 in gold for his [Toombs’] personal use”:

He [Toombs] handed it to Major and told him to buy corn and provisions with it and distribute it among the returning soldiers as they passed through Washington, and my son did so use it…

Shortly afterwards, Moses continues, “the government came to arrest [Toombs], and my son Major  met the officer between the gate and the house, while [Toombs] escaped out of the back way, mounted his horse, donned  blue spectacles and after many hair-breath escapes, fled to foreign parts, where his wife followed, and he lived with her some time in Paris.”


About three weeks after the war’s end, as chief commissary for Georgia, Moses carried out what is reputed to have been the last order of the Confederacy. It involved safeguarding and delivering the Confederate treasury’s last $40,000 of silver and/or gold bullion (perhaps $750,000 today).

(Although the accounts are contradictory and confusing, it appears that Moses  paid $10,000 to the Quartermaster-General in Washington [according to Avery, p. 326], and carried $30,000 in bullion to Augusta.)

Carrying out the order was no easy task, amidst the anarchy of defeat, orderly government and military discipline having collapsed, and lawless mobs of unruly, sometimes drunken former soldiers searching desperately for food and money.

[“The Memoirs of Jefferson Davis,” written by his wife, contain a letter written to Davis several years after the war by Acting Secretary of Treasury, describing how he “directed him [an acting treasurer] to turn the silver bullion over to Major Moses, as it was too bulky and heavy to be managed by us in our then condition; and I saw Moses putting it in a warehouse in Washington [Georgia] before I left there. I also directed him to burn the Confederate notes in the presence of General Breckinridge and myself.]

The Acting Treasurer, Captain M.H. Clark of Clarksville, Tennessee, described the disposition of the Confederate bullion in a 13 January, 1882 interview with the “Louisville Courier Journal”:

Before reaching town [Washington, Georgia], I was halted by Major R.J. Moses, to turn over to him the specie [coins] which president Davis, before he left, ordered to be placed at the disposal of the Commissary Department, to feed the paroled soldiers and stragglers passing through, to prevent their burdening a section already stripped of supplies. I turned over to Major Moses the wagons and silver bullion, and all of the escort except about ten men.

The government’s final order was  handed down at its last  meeting, held  in Washington, Wilkes County, Georgia on 4 May, 1865, which  according to Moses, was attended, among others,  by President Jefferson Davis, Secretary of War John C. Breckinridge, and Major  Moses. (It is unclear who actually attended the meeting, with some accounts saying that Breckinridge  arrived after Davis departed.)

And then, as “Confederate Veteran” observes, “…at last, in the old Heard House in Washington, on Georgia soil, the Southern Confederacy ceased to exist and passed into history.” 

That Last Order, dated 5 May, 1865,  reads as follows: 

Major R.J. Moses, will pay $10,000, the amount of bullion appropriated to Q.M. [quartermaster] Dept. by Sec. War to Maj. R.R. Wood. By order of Q.M. Gen.

[signed] W.F. Alexander, Maj. And Asst. to Q.M. Gen., 5 May, 1865, Washington

But the Confederacy did not die a quiet death. “By early may, 1865, realizing the war was lost, the major units of the Confederate Army had surrendered,”  author Mel Young writes in “Last Order of the Lost Cause,” the authoritative published account for this historic event. 

“Individual Confederate soldiers, groups of soldiers, and small units were trying to walk, ride, or move in groups back to their homes. They were in tattered uniforms, hungry and mostly penniless. Confederate General [Joseph E. ] Johnston, requested of President Davis that 250,000 rations be obtained to be distributed to these discharged soldiers. 

In accepting this responsibility, Moses, now 53 years old,  showed the usual courage and tenacity for which he was known. Facing down a turbulent mob of former Confederates who intercepted and threatened to storm his train  in Barnett, Georgia, Moses  successfully carried out the  order to deliver the remaining Confederate gold bullion to  help and provision the troops struggling to get back home, 

In his classic work, “The History of the State of Georgia, from 1850-1881,” I.W. Avery describes the  situation thusly:

Major Moses had a stirring time with his perilous treasure. It was,      of course, known immediately that he had it in his possession. The war had unhinged men’s ideas and principles. But still more demoralizing of the public conscience was the desperate stress of the people, coupled with the knowledge that the Confederate cause was dead, and that this specie was ownerless and a probable treasure trove and booty for the Federal soldiery. Maj. Moses, with punctilious honor, was resolved to part with it only with his life and to deliver it according to orders in fulfillment of its kindly mission.

Moses biggest problem was protecting the bullion in his charge  from unruly soldiers: “The town was full of stragglers, cavalry men who had just been paid $20.00 each. They had arms but no consciences, and the little taste they had of specie provoked their appetites…” 

Moses writes in his memoirs that  General Robert Toombs gave me the names of ten of the Washington Artillery, all gentlemen well known to him”:

I agreed to pay them $10.00 each in gold to guard it that night and go with me to Augusta. I then took a squad of them and destroyed all the liquor I could find in the shops. I then got part of a keg of powder and put it in a wooden building that was unoccupied and put the boxes of bullion in the same room, placed my guard outside and around the building, and gave out that I had laid a train of powder to the outside, and if the guard was forced, the train would be fired. 

The next morning, Moses had the bullion loaded onto a train filled with some 200 soldiers and “29 cavalry men”, and when the train  was just outside of its destination of Barnett, the trouble started:

…the conductor, a nice old man, came to our car and said, “Major, from the talk I reckon the boys are going to ‘charge’ your car when we reach Barnett.” Charge meant to attack it and take the specie and divide it among themselves….I held a council with my guard, and I told them that if they would stand by me, keep cool, fire (and reload) through an opening we would make in the doors, I thought we could successfully defend the car, but they were not ready to do this, we would be overcome. 

They consulted together, and I was afraid they  would conclude “To join the Cavalry,” but they finally said, “We will stand by you as long as there is a chance to save the specie.”

Avery writes that “These desperate men, a reckless mob, coolly demanded the money, as being as much theirs as anyone’s, and they were armed to enforce the demand.”

Showing amazing courage, Moses then went out “among the men, who were as thick as blackbirds,” and told them that “every dollar of the bullion would be devoted to feeding their fellow soldiers, and caring for the wounded in the hospitals at Augusta…that they might killed me and my guard, but they would be killing men in the discharge of a duty in behalf of their comrades ! That if they killed us, it would be murder, while if we killed any of them in defending the bullion, which we certainly should endeavor to do, we would be justified, because the killing would be in self defense and in a discharge of a sacred duty.”

When two soldiers in the crowd spoke up and vouched for Moses, “the crowd began to disperse,” but unfortunately, the train he was meeting was over an hour late. “…the billows of the seas rise and fall when disturbed by the winds, and this restless crowd at the depot would surge and press up against the door of my box[car] trying to get in, and I would have to threaten them and appeal.”

Avery writes, in a page titled “Attempted Rape of the Bullion,”  that “Major Moses remonstrated quietly and argumentatively with the menacing men surrounding him, and appealed to their honor and patriotism and stated his orders. At length it is seemed nothing could avert the ravishment of this specie.”

“At last, the storm seemed to be subsiding,” writes Moses, when a fellow officer warned him that some men were about to charge his boxcar, led by a young man from Tennessee with a wound on his cheek. Again showing remarkable courage, Moses approached the man and said to him,  “You appear to be a gentleman and bear an honorable wound”:

I then read my orders to him, explained my position, and how trying it was to be forced perhaps to take life and lose my own in the performance of a duty that I could not voluntarily avoid. I told him I had a guard and some friends in the crowd, but we would be outnumbered unless I could enlist men like himself in our behalf. ..

I said, “I appeal to you in the spirit of that honor that belongs to all brave men, to assist me in the discharge of this trust.”

He seemed embarrassed, but said, “I don’t think you will have any further trouble,” and I did not. 

Finally, Moses and his men were able to catch the train to Augusta and  deliver the goods, obtaining a receipt for the delivered bullion from  Major and Quartermaster R.R. Wood dated  5 May, 1865.

“The Atlanta Journal” of 6 February, 1927, in an article entitled “Last official Writing of the Southern Confederacy,” reproduced this receipt, calling it “…the last official writing ever issued by the Confederate administration”:

          It is as historic a curiosity as the world affords, this last 

flicker of a mammoth revolution. Such thoughts cluster around it as would make a grand epic…the paper thus testifying to the honesty and promptness of the disbursing officer of a great shattered government – an administration gone down hopelessly in a grand ruin. 

[The complete story is told in Mel Young’s Last Order of the Lost Cause, and  Robert Rosen’s authoritative, The Jewish Confederates, and originally in I.W. Avery’s “History of the State of Georgia from 1850-1881.]

In his memoirs, Moses wrote: “I have never turned my back on an enemy that was attacking me, or failed to forgive one as soon as he cried for quarter. I can also say that I never deserted a friend…”

 And the Atlanta Journal in 1928 summed up Moses’ career thusly: “At the beginning of the war, although overage, he hastened to the defense of his beloved Southland, offering his fortune, his service, his sons – everything save his honor – a willing sacrifice on the altar of his country.”

After the war, Raphael Moses became an outspoken critic of the Reconstruction government in Georgia, calling its members “spies, carpetbaggers, a class of politicians, men without character who came from the North in swarms seeking whom they might devour.”  He was elected to the Georgia House of Representatives and was named  chairman of the Judiciary Committee

On 3 April, 1867, Robert E. Lee, then President of Washington and Lee university in Lexington, Virginia, wrote to Moses asking him, and other prominent men of the South, to help heal the wounds of a divided nation.

Moses remained a loyal Confederate until the very end. When he  died in 

1893, his calling card still read, “Major Raphael J. Moses, C.S.A.”

 Moses and his fellow soldiers  typified many of the brave, beleaguered Confederates who honorably served their country, facing overwhelming, indeed hopeless odds, with loyalty and valor. That terrible war ended fourteen decades ago, but the memory of those  soldiers should never be forgotten. 

Thank you again for the opportunity to discuss and remember some of those events here with you today. 

Lewis Regenstein <regenstein@mindspring.com>, a Native Atlantan, is descended on his Mother’s side  from the Moses family of Georgia and South Carolina, whose patriarch, Myer Moses, participated in the American Revolution..

Almost three dozen members of the extended family fought for the Confederacy, and participated in most of the major battles and campaigns of the War. At least nine of them, largely teenagers,  died in defense of their homeland, and included the first and last Confederate Jews to fall in battle. 


Home-Made Remedies Rule


I prefer using home-made remedies whenever possible. As A Civil War author, I have studied about herbal remedies our ancestors used, as well as little-known facts that have been eradicated over the years. One such example is the false idea that dandelions are weeds. They are actually related to sunflowers, and their flowers provide antioxidants. Another example is a home-made recipe for weed killer, which consists of white vinegar, salt and liquid dish soap.


Here is a guest post article on home-made home cleaning agents.  I hope you enjoy it!


9 Home-Made Cleaning Agents to Make Your House Spotless-Clean

When it comes to cleaning our house, we automatically assume that it requires a formulated chemical agent to get rid of stains, odor, or infestation of microorganisms. While that may be true; But there are other alternatives to it which surprisingly does the work and produces effective results.

Now, you may wonder what the alternatives are. Well, these alternatives are present in your house so fortunately, you won’t have to make a stop by the supermarket store. All you need to do is make use of it right away. Besides that, chemically formulated agents for cleaning are often not environmentally friendly. Read more to find out about DIY Cleaning products. 

Amazing DIY Cleaning Products for Easy House Cleaning!

Most of the DIY agents are in your house already but to use it as a cleaning agent, you need to formulate a mixture of it with other components. Here are some classic DIY agents that are easy for use:

1. All-Purpose Cleaner

To make an all-purpose cleaner for bathrooms, countertops, or windows, you need a glass bottle that can spray,  2 cups of white vinegar and water separately. In the mixture, you need to add 3 drops of essential oil made of lemon and another 3 drops of oil made of tea tree.

Once you’ve mixed the mixture well, put it in the glass bottle and shake it properly. Now, the agent is ready to clean the countertop and most-touched surfaces for getting rid of residual debris. 

2. Tub/Shower Cleaner

Tired of worrying about molds and germs in the bathroom? Here’s what you can do. Use one cup of water and white vinegar each and then mix them. In the same portion, add at least 3 to 5 drops of essential oil made of lemon. 

Now, stir the mixture well and put them in the spray bottle. The cleaning agent is precisely ready for cleaning the bathtub, bathroom walls, or even showerheads. Additionally, you can use the water and vinegar mixture in a plastic bag and wrap it around the showerhead. Make sure it is touching the showerhead. After a period of time, you’ll see that the showerhead is no longer clogged. 

3. Glass Cleaner

Vinegar and water act as a great cleaning agent for removing layers of dirt and dust on the surface of the glass. It is also helpful in taking out the hard grease stuck on the glass. Simply take one cup of water and one cup of white vinegar. Now, put them together and make a mixture. Once that is done, it would be advisable to use a spray bottle to spray the mixture on the glass or mirror. But, if you don’t have one, then you can use a clean cloth to do the wiping. 

That being said, it is also advisable that you let the mixture remain on the glass or mirror for at least 30 seconds. After that, using an extra clean cloth, wipe out the remaining debris.

4. Toilet Bowl Cleaner

Many people consider bleach to be an ingredient for cleaning toilet bowls instead of sold products. But, you can try something less volatile and more effective. For this mixture, you need a big vessel where you can mix the agents and a funnel to transfer it to an airtight bottle safely. 

Take ¼ of Castile soap in liquid form, use a half cup p baking soda with ¼ amount of hydroperoxide. Now, add one cup of water to it, aligned with ¼ amount of vinegar. And lastly, add at least 10 drops of essential oil made of tea tree. Mix it well and transfer it into the bottle. Now, use the mixture on the toilet bowl and scrub it. Leave the mixture for at least 10 to 15 minutes until you flush it out. 

5. Air Freshener

Have you run out of air freshener and feeling super lazy to go out? Well, you can make one in your house using simple things. Take a large cup and pour one whole cup of baking soda with one whole cup of water. Now, add essential oil worth 5 to 6 drops. Choose a variety of it based on what kind of smell you want. 

Insert the mixture in a spray bottle and shake it. Now, use it around the corners of the room or at the top of the room so that the fragrance spreads everywhere. 

6. Drainage System Cleaner

If you have a clogged washroom and kitchen sink then take a bowl and make a cleaning agent. Pour ¼ amount of baking soda with ¼ amount of sodium chloride. Now, add ¼ amount of tartar cream. Use this mixture on the drain or sink

Finally, add boiling water worth one cup onto the whole mixture. Let it remain that way for a period of time. Soon, you ‘ll see the drain is unclogging. If you see that it did not work, then apply baking soda and vinegar into the drain. Leave it overnight and wash it in the morning. 

7. Oven Cleaner

To easy clean over of stains and food residues, mix ¼ amount of castile soap, half cup of salt, one whole cup of baking soda. This will produce a paste-like texture. Use it inside the oven and apply it all over. Leave it for the night and then using warm water, remove it in the morning. Using a sponge would be advisable to absorb the residue. Finally, use white vinegar to do the last finishing of cleaning as residues can still remain inside. 

8. Sanitized Wipes

Want to make DIY reusable disinfectant wipes? Here’s what you can do. Take an empty container where you’ll put the wipes and dish towels worth 15 to 120 squares. Now, place them inside the container that you will use. 

Using one cup of water with ¼ amount of vinegar, add them in the container. Now, add 7 to 8 drops of tea tree oil, lemon oil, eucalyptus oil. Let the cloth soak in the container for a period of time. Then, you can use them as per your needs. Or, you can re-use them by putting them inside the laundry of clothes. 

9. Dishwasher Agent 

If you want to prepare a dishwashing agent by yourself, take 2  measuring cups glass containers with a half cup of baking soda powder and white vinegar. Now that you’ve repaired the items, remove the dishes from the rack. Using a clean towel, take off the remaining debris. 

Now, use the vinegar cup and place it on the bottom rack of the dishwasher, while placing the baking soda container on the first rack. Now, all you need to do is let the dishwasher run its course. Let the operation be for 20 minutes of the cleaning cycle. 

Once it is over, you’ll see It worked as a natural steam cleaning process. Lastly, wipe away the remaining mixture from the racks. 

Let’s Ease Everyday Cleaning Routine

Even using all the DIY agents, cleaning can be a tough job, especially if you have a busy life. But, there is an easy way to get it done. Getting quality cleaning services from Dubai-Cleaners can make the job easier for you. They have been imparting quality service in Dubai for many years. And, since then have earned immense trust and fame due to their credibility. So, why worry about cleaning when you can easily hire professional assistance based on your convenience. 

(Article courtesy of Mr. Sadat Hossain)

Guest Post Article

As you know, I frequently feature writers who are looking to get their blog posts published. Here is another article I found interesting, especially since my dad was into woodworking and was very good at it. His beautiful creations still grace my home. Anyway, I hope you enjoy this post by James Draper.

Dad 1

Five Reasons Why You Should Get Into Woodworking This Year

Woodworking can be much more than a profession or a hobby. It’s, for a lot of people, an art that has serious impacts on your body and mind! Many people find it a relaxing and productive activity for their overall development. Planning, starting, and finishing a project can be a major improvement for your physical health, as well as for your focus and determination.

If you’re a woodworker already, then you have plenty of reasons for loving your job. If you are brand new, or still thinking about getting into the handy craft world, here are some reasons why you should start this year:

1. Health Benefits 

Woodworking is not only good for your body but for your mental health, as well. If you suffer from stress or anxiety, this activity will certainly refresh your mind. An easy-to-do woodworking project will instantly boost your mind and self-esteem by diverting your attention from destructive thoughts. There are also plenty of studies that show that this art is perfect for slowing down depression related problems. Refinishing, for example, is an easy and very effective solution – from the first sanding process all the way up to completion, you’ll love every moment of it. Coming from a personal side, woodworking can really be a natural boost. 

2. Focus Improvement

It can, sometimes, be a dangerous activity, one that involves complex and strong power tools that require focus and extreme attention. Make sure safety is your main priority – you can easily check for tool options that regard safety and efficiency at the same time. 

But believe me, a simpler and safer woodworking project will greatly improve your focus and concentration, a benefit that will definitely help you in other areas of your personal and professional life. It will also help you gain confidence in yourself and in your skills, and change the way you look at smaller insignificant tasks of your daily life.

3. Better Planning and Organizing Skills

Truth be told, many people are not able to do proper planning of their time, which can greatly affect their quality of life, as well as their health. A woodworking DIY project requires you to follow a step by step process, in order to finish a workpiece. This way, you’re bound to think ahead, from the start, like what materials you should choose, what tools to use, among other things. If you’re able to accomplish simple tasks, you may carry on with more complicated woodworking projects and reach a point where making a wooden chair from scratch is peanuts. Transfer that improvement to your daily life, and you’ll notice how much more motivated you are in tackling boring and monotonous tasks.

4. Helps Replacing Bad Habits

We all know it is very easy to acquire a bad habit but extremely difficult to get rid of it. Since woodworking projects require dedication and a great deal of time, you won’t end up with that much mental space to think about your bad habits. A lot of rehab clinics have introduced woodworking to their patients, showing great results, especially in drug addiction situations.

5. Profitable 

Believe it or not, it’s a tremendously profitable hobby. Since you’re able to build any piece of furniture (with enough practice), you avoid purchasing one at a DIY store for a much higher price. If you build it yourself, the costs are much cheaper, and since it encourages creativity, which allows you to keep improving your skills, you’ll reach a point where the outcome’s quality is so good you can actually sell them! That way, you’ll balance the costs of materials, energy, and time and even get some extra cash. Trust me, you’ll start with a simple chair and in a couple of months, you’ll already be working on a customized table to your sister’s parents-in-law. That will not only bring satisfaction but will keep your creativity alive, so remember, the more art pieces you make, the more creative you become.


In a Nutshell 

There are a lot of reasons for liking woodworking, and there are also many benefits that this hobby brings into your life that you might not really think about. Woodworking can really turn you into a better problem-solver. It’s an activity that will make better use of your downtime, as well as making you capable of giving amazing gifts to people you love! I’m sure they will be received with much love since it comes from your own hands. 

Lastly, there is something amazing about being able to use your mind and your body to produce a project from start to end – almost like the primitive nature of our ancestors. It will surely give you the opportunity to make decisions, think, design, and change a pile of wood into something greater! Once you see that you can produce something of value with your own hands, it will fill you with excitement and the desire of accomplishing many other things. So, one question remains: What are you still doing here?

(Just a note, these are two creations that my dad made.)


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